Precalculus Examples

Rewrite the equation in vertex form.
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Complete the square for .
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Use the form , to find the values of , , and .
Consider the vertex form of a parabola.
Substitute the values of and into the formula .
Simplify the right side.
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Cancel the common factor of .
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Cancel the common factor.
Divide by .
Multiply by .
Find the value of using the formula .
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Simplify each term.
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Raise to the power of .
Multiply by .
Divide by .
Multiply by .
Subtract from .
Substitute the values of , , and into the vertex form .
Set equal to the new right side.
Use the vertex form, , to determine the values of , , and .
Since the value of is positive, the parabola opens up.
Opens Up
Find the vertex .
Find , the distance from the vertex to the focus.
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Find the distance from the vertex to a focus of the parabola by using the following formula.
Substitute the value of into the formula.
Cancel the common factor of .
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Cancel the common factor.
Rewrite the expression.
Find the focus.
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The focus of a parabola can be found by adding to the y-coordinate if the parabola opens up or down.
Substitute the known values of , , and into the formula and simplify.
Find the axis of symmetry by finding the line that passes through the vertex and the focus.
Find the directrix.
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The directrix of a parabola is the horizontal line found by subtracting from the y-coordinate of the vertex if the parabola opens up or down.
Substitute the known values of and into the formula and simplify.
Use the properties of the parabola to analyze and graph the parabola.
Direction: Opens Up
Vertex:
Focus:
Axis of Symmetry:
Directrix:
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