# Linear Algebra Examples

Assign the matrix the name to simplify the descriptions throughout the problem.

Set up the formula to find the characteristic equation .

Substitute the known values in the formula.

Multiply by each element of the matrix.

Simplify each element of the matrix .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Combine the similar matrices with each others.

Simplify each element of the matrix .

Combine the same size matrices and by adding the corresponding elements of each.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Set up the determinant by breaking it into smaller components.

Since the matrix is multiplied by , the determinant is .

Since the matrix is multiplied by , the determinant is .

The determinant of is .

The determinant of a matrix can be found using the formula .

Simplify the determinant.

Simplify each term.

Expand using the FOIL Method.

Apply the distributive property.

Apply the distributive property.

Apply the distributive property.

Remove parentheses.

Simplify and combine like terms.

Simplify each term.

Rewrite using the commutative property of multiplication.

Multiply by by adding the exponents.

Combine and

Raise to the power of .

Raise to the power of .

Use the power rule to combine exponents.

Add and .

Multiply by .

Multiply by .

Multiply by .

Multiply by .

Multiply by .

Subtract from .

Multiply by .

Simplify by multiplying through.

Subtract from .

Apply the distributive property.

Simplify.

Multiply by by adding the exponents.

Move .

Combine and

Raise to the power of .

Use the power rule to combine exponents.

Add and .

Rewrite using the commutative property of multiplication.

Multiply by .

Simplify each term.

Multiply by by adding the exponents.

Combine and

Raise to the power of .

Raise to the power of .

Use the power rule to combine exponents.

Add and .

Multiply by .

Add and .

Subtract from .

Factor the characteristic polynomial.

Factor out of .

Factor out of .

Factor out of .

Factor out of .

Factor out of .

Factor out of .

Factor.

Factor by grouping.

For a polynomial of the form , rewrite the middle term as a sum of two terms whose product is and whose sum is .

Factor out of .

Rewrite as plus

Apply the distributive property.

Remove parentheses.

Factor out the greatest common factor from each group.

Group the first two terms and the last two terms.

Factor out the greatest common factor (GCF) from each group.

Factor the polynomial by factoring out the greatest common factor, .

Remove unnecessary parentheses.

Set the characteristic polynomial equal to to find the eigenvalues .

If any individual factor on the left side of the equation is equal to , the entire expression will be equal to .

Set the first factor equal to .

Set the next factor equal to and solve.

Set the next factor equal to .

Add to both sides of the equation.

Multiply each term in by

Multiply each term in by .

Simplify .

Multiply by .

Multiply by .

Multiply by .

Set the next factor equal to and solve.

Set the next factor equal to .

Add to both sides of the equation.

The final solution is all the values that make true.

The eigenvector for is equal to the null space of the matrix minus the eigenvalue times the identity matrix.

Substitute the known values into the formula.

Multiply by each element of the matrix.

Simplify each element of the matrix .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify each element of the matrix .

Combine the same size matrices and by adding the corresponding elements of each.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Perform the row operation on (row ) in order to convert some elements in the row to .

Replace (row ) with the row operation in order to convert some elements in the row to the desired value .

Replace (row ) with the actual values of the elements for the row operation .

Simplify (row ).

Perform the row operation on (row ) in order to convert some elements in the row to .

Replace (row ) with the row operation in order to convert some elements in the row to the desired value .

Replace (row ) with the actual values of the elements for the row operation .

Simplify (row ).

Perform the row operation on (row ) in order to convert some elements in the row to .

Replace (row ) with the row operation in order to convert some elements in the row to the desired value .

Replace (row ) with the actual values of the elements for the row operation .

Simplify (row ).

Perform the row operation on (row ) in order to convert some elements in the row to .

Replace (row ) with the actual values of the elements for the row operation .

Simplify (row ).

Perform the row operation on (row ) in order to convert some elements in the row to .

Replace (row ) with the actual values of the elements for the row operation .

Simplify (row ).

Perform the row operation on (row ) in order to convert some elements in the row to .

Replace (row ) with the actual values of the elements for the row operation .

Simplify (row ).

Use the result matrix to declare the final solutions to the system of equations.

This expression is the solution set for the system of equations.

Decompose a solution vector by re-arranging each equation represented in the row-reduced form of the augmented matrix by solving for the dependent variable in each row yields the vector equality.

Express the vector as a linear combination of column vector using the properties of vector column addition.

The null space of the set is the set of vectors created from the free variables of the system.

The eigenvector for is equal to the null space of the matrix minus the eigenvalue times the identity matrix.

Substitute the known values into the formula.

Multiply by each element of the matrix.

Simplify each element of the matrix .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify each element of the matrix .

Combine the same size matrices and by adding the corresponding elements of each.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Perform the row operation on (row ) in order to convert some elements in the row to .

Replace (row ) with the actual values of the elements for the row operation .

Simplify (row ).

Perform the row operation on (row ) in order to convert some elements in the row to .

Replace (row ) with the actual values of the elements for the row operation .

Simplify (row ).

Perform the row operation on (row ) in order to convert some elements in the row to .

Replace (row ) with the actual values of the elements for the row operation .

Simplify (row ).

Perform the row operation on (row ) in order to convert some elements in the row to .

Replace (row ) with the actual values of the elements for the row operation .

Simplify (row ).

Exchange row and row to organize the zeros into position.

Use the result matrix to declare the final solutions to the system of equations.

This expression is the solution set for the system of equations.

Decompose a solution vector by re-arranging each equation represented in the row-reduced form of the augmented matrix by solving for the dependent variable in each row yields the vector equality.

Express the vector as a linear combination of column vector using the properties of vector column addition.

The null space of the set is the set of vectors created from the free variables of the system.

The eigenvector for is equal to the null space of the matrix minus the eigenvalue times the identity matrix.

Substitute the known values into the formula.

Multiply by each element of the matrix.

Simplify each element of the matrix .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify element by multiplying .

Simplify each element of the matrix .

Combine the same size matrices and by adding the corresponding elements of each.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Simplify element of the matrix.

Perform the row operation on (row ) in order to convert some elements in the row to .

Replace (row ) with the actual values of the elements for the row operation .

Simplify (row ).

Perform the row operation on (row ) in order to convert some elements in the row to .

Replace (row ) with the actual values of the elements for the row operation .

Simplify (row ).

Perform the row operation on (row ) in order to convert some elements in the row to .

Replace (row ) with the actual values of the elements for the row operation .

Simplify (row ).

Exchange row and row to organize the zeros into position.

Perform the row operation on (row ) in order to convert some elements in the row to .

Replace (row ) with the actual values of the elements for the row operation .

Simplify (row ).

Perform the row operation on (row ) in order to convert some elements in the row to .

Replace (row ) with the actual values of the elements for the row operation .

Simplify (row ).

Use the result matrix to declare the final solutions to the system of equations.

This expression is the solution set for the system of equations.

Decompose a solution vector by re-arranging each equation represented in the row-reduced form of the augmented matrix by solving for the dependent variable in each row yields the vector equality.

Express the vector as a linear combination of column vector using the properties of vector column addition.

The null space of the set is the set of vectors created from the free variables of the system.

The eigenspace of is the union of the vector space for each eigenvalue.