# Calculus Examples

By the Sum Rule, the derivative of with respect to is .

Evaluate .

Since is constant with respect to , the derivative of with respect to is .

Differentiate using the Power Rule which states that is where .

Multiply by .

Evaluate .

Since is constant with respect to , the derivative of with respect to is .

Differentiate using the Power Rule which states that is where .

Multiply by .

Since is constant with respect to , the derivative of with respect to is .

Add and .

By the Sum Rule, the derivative of with respect to is .

Evaluate .

Since is constant with respect to , the derivative of with respect to is .

Differentiate using the Power Rule which states that is where .

Multiply by .

Since is constant with respect to , the derivative of with respect to is .

Add and .

To find the local maximum and minimum values of the function, set the derivative equal to and solve.

Subtract from both sides of the equation.

Divide each term in by .

Simplify the left side of the equation by cancelling the common factors.

Reduce the expression by cancelling the common factors.

Factor out of .

Move the negative one from the denominator of .

Simplify the expression.

Multiply by .

Rewrite as .

Simplify the right side of the equation.

Reduce the expression by cancelling the common factors.

Factor out of .

Cancel the common factors.

Factor out of .

Cancel the common factor.

Rewrite the expression.

Move the negative in front of the fraction.

Evaluate the second derivative at . If the second derivative is positive, then this is a local minimum. If it is negative, then this is a local maximum.

is a local maximum because the value of the second derivative is negative. This is referred to as the second derivative test.

is a local maximum